Return on Assets ROA Formula with Calculator

As you know, ROA is an abbreviation of return on assets, while ROE stands for return on equity. Both can be used to evaluate a company’s financial performance but in different ways. Return on Assets is calculated by divided a company’s net income by its total assets. Investors use ROE to understand the efficiency of their investments in a public company. ROA’s measure of a company’s efficiency in terms of assets complements the conclusions you can draw from ROE.

  • It shows how well (or poorly) a company is using everything it owns — from machinery to vehicles and intellectual property — to earn money.
  • Average total assets can be calculated by adding the prior period’s ending total assets to the current period’s ending total assets and dividing the result by two.
  • The higher the ROA number, the better, because the company is able to earn more money with a smaller investment.
  • However, there are a few key things to keep in mind when using the return on assets ratio as an investment tool.
  • A falling ROA indicates the company might have over-invested in assets that have failed to produce revenue growth, a sign the company may be in some trouble.
  • As with other types of financial ratios, it’s less valuable to look at the ROA of different companies individually than to compare them against other companies within the same industry.

Once you’ve done this, the only thing you have to remember about it is to multiply the result by 100%, as ROA is always expressed as a percentage. On the other hand, most mechanical pieces of a business, such as vehicles or other machinery, generally depreciate over time as wear and tear affect their value. Ariel Courage is an experienced editor, researcher, and former fact-checker. She has performed editing and fact-checking work for several leading finance publications, including The Motley Fool and Passport to Wall Street. Although there are never guarantees when it comes to investing, ROA can be a beneficial tool for evaluating company performance. Since the formula may need to consider different business and investor situations, there are 2 variations of the formula that rectifies the inconsistent use of the denominator.

Would you prefer to work with a financial professional remotely or in-person?

ROA summarizes overall operation efficiency, while ROE is a summary of how efficient a company is in specifically returning profit and equity to those who own shares in the company. Let’s look at an example of how the formula for return on assets ratio might work using a practical and easy-to-understand example. Learning how to compute return on assets starts with understanding the ROA formula. It’s important to use this ratio to compare companies within the same industry, and/or to track a single firm’s profit trend over a period of time.

Since a company’s assets are either funded by debt or equity, some analysts and investors disregard the cost of acquiring the asset by adding back interest expense in the formula for ROA. Many individual investors use the return on assets ratio as one of their key criteria when making investment decisions. When assessing a company’s return on assets ratio, investors will often compare it to the company’s historical performance, as well as to the return on assets ratios of its competitors. If a company’s return on assets ratio is significantly lower than its competitors, it may be a sign that the company is struggling financially. There are several ways that investors can use the return on assets ratio when making investment decisions. One way is to use it to compare the performance of different investments.

How to Use Return on Assets

Comparing profits to revenue is a useful operational metric, but comparing them to the resources a company used to earn them displays the feasibility of that company’s existence. Return on assets is the simplest of such corporate bang-for-the-buck measures. It tells you what earnings are generated from invested capital or assets. Also, it is essential to understand what is a good value and what is a bad value for the return on assets ratio. A good value for the return on assets ratio is anything above the industry average.

How do I calculate ROA?

A declining ROA can mean a company has overextended itself or may not be managed effectively. Let’s use a simple example to discover how to calculate return on assets. If ROA is calculated for companies in different industries, it will not be very meaningful since ROAs vary widely among industries and groups of companies within the same industry.


As a result, the software company’s assets will be understated and its ROA may get a questionable boost. Say Company XYZ has a net income of $10 million and total assets of $50 million. What is a good return on total assets ratio, and what ratio should you look for when evaluating stocks? Read on to learn how to calculate return on assets from the ROA formula and how these numbers can be useful for investors.

What Is Return on Total Assets?

With two decades of business and finance journalism experience, Ben has covered breaking market news, written on equity markets for Investopedia, and edited personal finance content for Bankrate and LendingTree. However, if you compared the manufacturing company to its closest competitors, and they all had ROAs below 4%, you might find that it’s doing far better than its peers. Conversely, if you looked at the dating app in comparison to similar tech firms, you could discover that most of them have ROAs closer to 20%, meaning it’s actually underperforming more similar companies. For example, an asset-heavy company, such as a manufacturer, may have an ROA of 6% while an asset-light company, such as a dating app, could have an ROA of 15%. If you only compared to two based on ROA, you’d probably decide the app was a better investment.

However, you shouldn’t compare to ROA of Facebook with, say, the ROA of McDonald’s because the two are in completely different industries. The data below is the ROA of each company from October through December 2018, and it comes from Macrotrends. Banking services and bank accounts are offered by Jiko Bank, a division of Mid-Central National
Bank. JSI and Jiko Bank are not affiliated with Public Holdings, Inc. (“Public”) or any of its subsidiaries. Net income refers to a company’s total profits after deducting the expenses for running the business.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *